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Bamboo Composites
Bamboo Composites
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Bamboo Composites
Guided by dwindling wood supply in India and potential supply of bamboo as an alternate material, research had been strengthened in nineteen eighties to use bamboo as non-wood renewable fibre to substitute wood in several uses. It was observed that bamboo attains full growth in one year thus can be grown as a part of agroforestry. Also bamboo attains full maturity in two years when some of its physical mechanical properties are superior to wood available from most fast growing plantation species. This has evolved keen interest in bamboo to undertake theoretical and applied research on bamboo based products for use in housing, furniture, packaging, transport sectors and others.
At IPIRTI, several years of R & D has resulted in development of cost effective, people and eco-friendly technology for manufacture of several bamboo based products. Based on the preliminary processed bamboo, final products may be classified as follows:
A Bamboo Mat Based Products
Bamboo Mat Board [BMB], Bamboo Mat Veneer Composites [BMVC] and Bamboo Mat Corrugated Sheet [BMCS]
B Bamboo Strip Based Products
Bamboo Wood [Laminates], Bamboo Flooring Tiles and High Density Transport Flooring
C Bamboo in round/split/composite form
Bamboo Based Housing System and Bamboo Match Splint At present research is being continued to develop Bamboo Mat High Density Panel (Compregs), Bamboo Mat Moulded Skin Board (BMMSB),Bamboo Mat Ridge Cap (BMRCS), Bamboo flattened board and Bamboo laminated lumber
Imported timber is presently used for the development of compregs and shuttering grade panels . The compreg requirement by Indian Railways alone is increasing many folds as thrust now is on the use of high strength materials in coach building. Currently for the raw materials, the industries are dependent on imported timbers and also the product is very expensive. IPIRTI has developed compregs and shuttering grade panels using bamboo mat as a raw material in place of veeners.
The flattened bamboo board will be an alternative to the existing BMB and BMVC for structural applications. Reduction in the cost of the product. Higher recovery of the material during processing.
Lumber would find a place as a substitute for high quality timber now being used for structural purposes. Also wherever laminated veneer lumbers are being used, they can be replaced by bamboo lumber. Bamboo lumber would be cheaper than the class I timber used for structural purpose and that of veneer lumbers.
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